Travel is the transportation of people on a trip from one place to another. Reasons for travel include many; some of them are: * Tourism: travel mainly for recreational purpose. . * Visitation: you are visiting your close friends and family * Trade: you are travelling to make some business * Commuting: going to various routine daily activities, such as work and meetings. * Migration: travel to begin life in another location else for permanent. * Pilgrimages: travel for religious reasons * Research: travel for the gathering of information and research resources. The word originates from the Middle English word travailen ("to toil"), which comes from the French word travailler ("travail").
Tourism is travel for mainly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travelling time. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited". Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2006, there were over 842 million international tourist arrivals.
Tourism is vital for many countries, due to the money tourist bring to that country. Tourist spend money on that country by using the goods and services offered by its citizens, the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry, and the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism. These service industries include transportation services such as cruise ships and taxis, accommodation such as hotels, restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues, and other hospitality industry services such as spas and resorts. Wealthy people have always traveled to distant parts of the world to see great buildings or other works of art, to learn new languages, to experience new cultures, or to taste new cuisine. As long ago as the time of the Roman Republic places such as Baiae were popular coastal resorts for the rich. The terms tourist and tourism were first used as official terms in 1937 by the League of Nations. Tourism was defined as people travelling abroad for periods of over 24 hours at a time.